Bibliotheca Alexandrina is an impressive and magnificent library which has taken inspiration from the noted ancient ‘Library of Alexandria’. The ‘Library of Alexandria’ was a renowned centre of learning and discussion for several years until it burned down in the 3rd century. At present, the complex has become one of Egypt’s major cultural venues, where many international performances take place. It also houses a collection of museums.
Pompey’s pillar is the biggest memorial column signifying the Roman victory over Egypt. It stands at the top of a hill in the oldest part of the city of Alexandria. Made of red granite, it was quarried and transported from Aswan in Upper Egypt. It is flanked by two sphinx statues on both its sides. It is now an impressive open museum and one of the finest archaeological examples of the Greco-Roman Period in Egyptian history.
The Roman amphitheatre in Alexandria is a large circular Roman theatre and the only one of its type to be found in Egypt. It is a very well preserved structure. It was discovered by some workers while digging the site for construction. Further research and excavations are still being carried out, with these findings shedding new light on the complex.
Royal jewellery museum
The Royal jewellery museum in Alexandria is one of the largest museums in Egypt. It was formerly a palacewhich belonged to Princess Fatma Al-Zahraa, a member of the Egyptian Royal family. Many rare paintings of royal descendants, statues and decorations adorn the halls of this museum. An inestimable collection of jewels (mostly royal crowns and tiara) belonging to the royal family are on display here.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse of Alexandria (also known as Pharos of Alexandria) was one of the wonders of the ancient world. It was a tower built on the island of Pharos in Alexandria to serve as that port’s landmark, and later, its lighthouse to guide ships into the port. It was the first lighthouse and the tallest building in the world at that time, except for the great pyramid. The lighthouse was damaged by several earthquakes, theruins of which were discovered by French archaeologists, in 1994. The area where the lighthouse stood is now an underwater archaeological park. Tourists can dive and swim around the remains of the famed lighthouse!