Pompeii is a small town located in Italy. The name of the place has forever been etched into history as the city that was destroyed and buried by a deadly volcanic eruption on 24th August 79 AD. People had forgotten that Pompeii even existed, as it lay buried underground for hundreds of years until its rediscovery in 1748.
Ancient city of Pompeii
Pompeii was the city where Romans lived around 2000 years ago. It was a flourishing township and a major resort city in Ancient Rome with buildings made of brick and stone. On one side of the city was the forum. It was here that much of the business of the city was carried out. There were also temples dedicated to various Roman Goddesses. It contained many Roman villas, an amphitheatre for gladiator games, and theatres for musical concerts. The streets of Pompeii were well planned with large polygonal (many-angled) blocks of stone. They also had a sophisticated water drainage system.
Pompeii after destruction
The volcano that was responsible for the destruction of Pompeii is Mount Vesuvius. The eruptions from the volcano were so strong that the entire city was buried under a thick carpet of volcanic ash, lava and mud killing thousands of people.
Rediscovery of Pompeii
The ruined city remained frozen in time until it was discovered by a surveying engineer in 1748. They found something amazing. Much of the city was preserved under the ashes for centuries because of the lack of air and moisture. Under the ash everything remained as it was at the time of the eruption. As a result, much of what we know about everyday life in the Roman Empire comes from Pompeii.
The most notable buildings that have been excavated from the ashes are a Roman basilica and an amphitheatre. The excavations also include many intact wall paintings, pottery, coinage, villas (like the House of the Faun) and bath houses. The famous casts of the people who stayed in the city and who were covered by the explosion are some of the most famous relics of the site.
Today, you can take a walk through the ancient streets of Pompeii. The streets still have traces of the old wagon wheels that used to roll over the streets.
An archaeological site
The city of Pompeii s recognized as being one of the few global excavation sites where an entire city from ancient times was preserved in great detail. Pompeii as an archaeological site is the longest continually excavated site in the world. It attracts a lot of tourists.
The Garden of the Fugitives
The Garden of the Fugitives in Pompeii is the name given to the place where 13 people of Pompeii city died while trying to escape the deadly volcanic eruption. The bodies of the people decayed inside the hardened ash, leaving hollow sculptures. These spaces were filled with plaster and became the statues of thirteen people, the largest number of victims found in one site. The recreation of the victims of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius is one of the major reasons for the popularity of this ancient site.