Moscow is the capital city of Russia and one of the most popular cities in Europe. Moscow gets its name from the river ‘Moskva’ because it is situated on its banks. The natives of Moscow are called ‘Muscovites’.
Moscow can be compared to paradise as it leaves the tourist in complete awe. It has one of the most beautiful metro stations in the world, with long running marble walls and high ceilings decorated with chandeliers.
The Moscow Kremlin was built by Russians to protect themselves from invaders. It is an ancient fort, which houses many palaces and cathedrals. Currently, it serves as the residence of the Russian president.
The Kremlin is situated on the left bank of the Moscow River, on the Borovitsky hill. It reflects the rich history of Russian architecture and its relationship with the European cultural traditions. It was the residence of the great Princes and later, the Tzar’s.
The Red Square
Built to the east of the Kremlin, the Red Square has been a witness to some of the country’s landmark events. An important meeting place for religious festivals, military parades, public events, demonstrations and concerts for centuries, Red Square houses the 16thcentury St. Basil’s Cathedral, the State Historical Museum and the enormous GUM Department Store. In the first half of the 20th century, it became the venue for official military parades and demonstrations with the purpose of displaying the strength of Soviet Armed Forces.
Heritage sites like the Kremlin and the Red Square stand as a testimony to the rich architectural history of Russia. In 1990, UNESCO included these monuments in their World Heritage List.
Saint Basil the Blessed, also known as Pokrovsky Cathedral, is a church in the Red Square premises, constructed between 1554 and 1560 by Tsar Ivan IV. It was constructed in appreciation of Tsar Ivan IV to have fulfilled his vow of attaining military victories over his enemies.
Different stories credit different people regarding the architect of the church. Some say it was designed by two Russian architects, Posnik and Barma, while others say it was built by an Italian architect who was later blinded, so that he could never create anything similar or better. St. Basil’s Cathedral is famous for its colourful, onion shaped domes, which is now a museum.
The Ostankino tower
The Ostankino tower is the highest tower in Europe. It hosts the ‘stairs race’ competition every year which attracts a lot of tourists. This TV tower was created by the Ministry of Communications of the USSR. It transmits signals of 11 television stations, 12 radio broadcasting stations and 17 satellite TV programmes distributed through the wireless telecommunication network.
The Ostankino Tower is renowned for its unique architecture. ‘The Seventh Heaven’, a restaurant in the tower with three dining rooms, serves mouth-watering European cuisine and traditional Russian dishes.